Technologies for effective disaster management systems: a state of the art survey of current challenges and opportunities

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Publicado en 3C Tecnología. Edición Especial – Noviembre 2019

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Disasters constitute devastating phenomena that result in the large scale loss of human life and critical infrastructure, often severely disrupting critical societal sytems and the built environment. Robust emergency management can protect human lives and ensure for resilient and resistant cities. Effective disaster management systems are essential to protect human lives and to promote the development of less brittle and vulnerable critical infrastructure systems. The use of leading edge technologies for Effective Disaster Management systems are discussed and analyzed. Early technologies for Disaster Management systems include Sirens, Amateur and Community Radio, and Short Message Services (SMS). More recent approaches inlude Satellite Radio, Information and Communication (ICT) Devices, the Internet of Things (IoTs), Big Data and Deep Learning. The strengths and weaknesses of possible solutions for Effective Disaster Management using Multi-Technologies are herein discussed. Key conclusions are highlighted to promote more efficient and effective disaster management.


Palabras clave


Effective Disaster Management (EDM), Disaster Response, Multi-Technologies, Internet of Things (IoTs).

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