Publicado en 3C Tecnología – Volumen 10 Número 4 (Edición 40)
The efficiency of PV modules is affected by a number of factors, including installation parameters and the module surface temperature. Installation parameters of PV modules focus primarily on the tilt and orientation angles, which have to be considered for optimum output power. Furthermore, the operating temperature of a PV module must be kept within certain limits, in order to obtain optimum electrical energy efficiency, depending on the module used. The purpose of this study was to measure the instantaneous surface temperature, voltage and current of a remote PV module in order to monitor its output power. An energy monitoring system was developed that received measurement data over an RF link. The PC transceiver of the system featured a CC1101 RF transceiver connected to the PC via an Arduino UNO, using a USB cable. The PV transceiver featured an Arduino Mega 2560, connected to a CC1101 RF transceiver to make the ST board, which contained all the sensors of the system. In addition, a graphical user interface was developed for sending and receiving measurements between the PC transceiver and the PV transceiver. The PV module voltage and current data was verified using a Fluke 115 DMM. The results showed a 4.9% error percentage for voltage measurements and a 3.9% error percentage for current measurements. Furthermore, a 29-day period of data showed the surface temperature to rise significantly higher than the ambient temperature during the day, indicating that there was considerable heating of the PV Module when there was solar radiation. The system could be used to compare the effect of cooling the PV module on the output power as the orientation angle is adjusted.
Palabras clavePV Module, Voltage, Current, Surface Temperature.
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