CONDUCTING TRAFFIC SURVEILLANCE
FOR MOTOR VEHICLE TAXATION
Anwar A.Memon
Mehran University of Engineering and Technology.
Jamshoro, Pakistan.
E-mail: anwar.memon@faculty.muet.edu.pk
Arslan R. Memon
Institute of Information & Communication Technologies,
Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Jamshoro. Pakistan.
E-mail: arslan.memon27@gmail.com
A. Hakeem Memon
Mehran University of Engineering and Technology.
Jamshoro, Pakistan.
E-mail: hakeem.memon@faculty.muet.edu.pk
Recepción: 01/08/2019 Aceptación: 23/09/2019 Publicación: 06/11/2019
Citación sugerida:
Memon, A.A., Memon, A.R. y Memon, A.H. (2019). Conducting trac surveillance
for motor vehicle taxation. 3C Tecnología. Glosas de innovación aplicadas a la pyme. Edición
Especial, Noviembre 2019, 221-231. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17993/3ctecno.2019.
specialissue3.221-231
Suggested citation:
Memon, A.A., Memon, A.R. & Memon, A.H. (2019). Conducting trac surveillance
for motor vehicle taxation. 3C Tecnología. Glosas de innovación aplicadas a la pyme. Speciaal
Issue, November 2019, 221-231. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17993/3ctecno.2019.
specialissue3.221-231
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3C Tecnología. Glosas de innovación aplicadas a la pyme. ISSN: 2254–4143
ABSTRACT
Excise taxation is the Sind government department that registers the vehicles running
across Sind. This department is responsible for collecting the revenue in lieu of Token
tax and annual running tax from the vehicles running under the registration number
of Sind. The tax payment checking is manual, means every vehicle is stopped for
snap checking. Manual verication is very tiring and cumbersome, so that every
vehicle could not be checked. In developed countries this all is done through online
automatic system. An online portal is introduced by the excise department on which
the verication of the vehicle can be done in terms of its bogusness. But this portal
and online recovery of annual tax is not concerned for the detecting of the defaulters.
This research focuses on the detection of the defaulters. As the date expires the
vehicle would be monitored at any toll tax stop after the recognition of the number
plate data. An automatic checking method is used for detection. This method uses
the technology that is called Automatic vehicle number plate recognition (AVNPR).
This tool uses the image processing procedure to read the number plate numbers
and characters.
KEYWORDS
AVNPR, Face recognition, Image processing.
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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17993/3ctecno.2019.specialissue3.221-231
1. INTRODUCTION
As a developing country, Pakistan is in the revolution phase. The data of every resident
is not available in any central database so that if any crime occurs the person could
not be detected according to his/her background history. In developed countries
every person is under observation and their record is available in a centralized
database. The payment of taxes and recovery of default tax payers is very dicult
task. The vehicle tax is collected by the excise and taxation department. In normal
routine, motorists pay their tax by visiting any excise and taxation oce or in any
authorized bank. The tax payment is very dicult in rural area, where the oce or
authorized bank is not available. It is very dicult to observe the nonpayment of
this tax. The only way of paid or unpaid vehicle is to look onto the wind screen that
must have a sticker. Sometimes these stickers are not available in the tax oce so only
the receipt is issued to the customers. The checking of every vehicle by the police
sergeants is a hard job.
This research is the design of an automatic recovery and checking system that will
make the process easy and reliable. The motor vehicle tax is collected from the vehicle
owners on annual or bi-annual basis. But the collection is not good percentage of
the intended collection, because the checking system is very old manual in nature
(Yan, 2001; Hontani, & Koga, 2001). The procedure and design suggested in this
document will make it easy and time saving. In this procedure, image of the number
plate is captured when the vehicle stands at the toll tax plaza. The number plate
numbers and characters are sent to the database of excise and taxation department
for online checking. The message is sent to the mobile for the defaulter or clearance.
The portal on the site of excise and taxation department Sind government is shown
in Figure 1.
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Figure 1. The screen shot of the online portal.
Figure 2. Sticker provided by the excise department xed at wind screen.
It is very hard job to check every vehicle in hectic trac at the toll plaza or at any other
point. It may take hours to complete the job and trac may be blocked (Mohamed
Hussain, Allwyn Rajendran Zepherin, Shantha Kumar, & Abirami, 2015).
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Figure 3. Manual road checking excise inspector causes trafc jam.
This research is documented to provide an automatic and technical solution of this
problem. A prototype of this intelligent system is designed that uses a technology
named automatic vehicle number plate recognition (AVNPR). This technology uses
the image processing tool for capturing and processing the number plate xed in
front of every vehicle (Mohamed Hussain et al., 2015). The characters and numbers
are identied and accessed from the database of the taxation department which is
available online. The capturing is done through web cameras xed at tool plazas or
at any entrance of the city. The alert signal and message are sent to the cell phone of
the vehicle owner about nonpayment of the tax.
2. APPLICATIONS OF AVNPR SYSTEM
The system of detection of the number plate uses the technology of image processing
(Posada-Gómez, Sandoval-González, Martínez Sibaja, Portillo- Rodríguez, & Alor-
Hernández, 2011). It has unlimited application, in face recognition, monitoring of
the employees in any industry, robotics systems and trac signals etc. The problem is
that how the owner of vehicle makes bound to pay the tax within the given time. The
solution of this problem is documented in the literature (Figueiredo, Ribeiro, Arthur,
& Conforti, 2011; Hansen, 2002) which discusses the application and integration
of the state of art computers with electronic hardware and global system of mobile
communication, internet and AVNPR.